Naphthalene and Chemtrails
Navy 5-Year Warfare testing in California includes many toxic chemicals including Naphthalene.
Illness Associated with Exposure to Naphthalene in Mothballs
In April 1982, the Clark County Health Department in Jeffersonville, Indiana, received a telephone call from a 26-year-old woman whose friends were becoming ill with symptoms of headache, nausea, and vomiting while visiting her apartment.
An investigation of the home by the health department identified large numbers of mothballs (approximately 300-500) distributed throughout the apartment in such places as the kitchen and living room. The woman said members of her family had used mothballs for many years to curb odors and to control insects. Air samples collected in the apartment on charcoal and analyzed by gas chromatography and flame ionization revealed detectable levels of naphthalene (20 parts per billion).
The woman, her 4-year-old daughter, and seven relatives living in two other households where mothballs were extensively used, had symptoms and medical findings compatible with naphthalene exposure--headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, malaise, confusion, anemia, icterus, and renal disease. Headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and malaise disappeared in members of all three households when mothball use was discontinued, and visitors no longer developed symptoms when visiting the woman's apartment. Reported by M Linick, Clark County Health Dept, Jeffersonville, Indiana; Special Studies Br, Div of Chronic Diseases, Center for Environmental Health, CDC.
Editorial Note: The use of mothballs in homes to control odors and insects is common in some areas of the country, although the quantity of mothballs used in this situation appears uncommon. The major component of mothballs is naphthalene. Inhalation of naphthalene may cause skin and eye irritation; gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea; neurologic symptoms, such as confusion, excitement, and convulsions; renal problems, such as acute renal shutdown; and hematologic features, such as icterus and severe anemia. The erythrocytes of individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency are more susceptible to hemolysis by naphthalene (1-3).
Although naphthalene levels were relatively low when measurements were taken in the home, levels may have been much higher--because of increased volatilization of naphthalene--when fresh supplies of mothballs were first introduced. Individuals vary widely in susceptibility to naphthalene exposure, and among sensitive individuals, minute doses have induced symptomatic reactions (3). Although adequate air monitoring to fully characterize exposure was not available, it seems possible that such excessive use of mothballs could lead to symptomatic reactions. Because of the wide range of sensitivity to naphthalene, the excessive and inappropriate use of mothballs for odor and insect control is inadvisable.
Daugaard J. Symptoms and signs in occupational diseases: a practical guide. Chicago: Year Book Medical, 1979.
Sittig M. Handbook of toxic and hazardous chemicals. Park Ridge, New Jersey: Noyes, 1981.
Gosselin R, Hodge H, Smith R, Gleason M. Clinical toxicology of commercial products, 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1976.
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Also known as: White Tar, Tar Camphor, Moth Balls, Moth Flakes, Naphthalin
Chemical reference number (CAS): 91_20_3
For a printable version (pdf) of this fact sheet, click here
WHAT IS NAPHTHALENE?
Naphthalene is either a white solid or a liquid with a strong odor like mothballs. It’s used to make dyes, explosives, plastics, and lubricants.
Naphthalene is found naturally in crude oil. It is also found in coal tar wastes at former manufactured gas plants. Coal tars were by-products at these plants.
In homes, naphthalene may be used as a moth repellent or may be released from dyes or new plastic items.
Naphthalene evaporates quickly. Some of the naphthalene that ends up in lakes, streams or soil evaporates into the air. Naphthalene that seeps through soil into groundwater can remain unchanged for many years.
HOW ARE PEOPLE EXPOSED TO NAPHTHALENE?
Breathing: People breathe naphthalene most often when they’re working with it on the job.
People could also breathe the chemical as they visit a chemical cleanup site, use mothballs around their house, do laundry or bathe with contaminated water.
Drinking/Eating: People can be exposed to low levels when they use contaminated water for drinking or preparing food.
Touching: Naphthalene can be absorbed through the skin when people handle the chemical, work or play in contaminated soil, or when using contaminated water for activities such as bathing or laundry.
DO STANDARDS EXIST FOR REGULATING NAPHTHALENE?
Water: There are no state and federal drinking water standards for naphthalene. We suggest you stop drinking water that contains more than 20 parts per billion (ppb) napththalene. If levels of naphthalene are very high (above 1,000 ppb) in your water, you may need to avoid washing, bathing, or using the water for other purposes. Contact your local public health agency for more information specific to your situation.
Air: No standards exist for the amount of naphthalene allowed in the air of homes. We use a formula to convert workplace limits to home limits. Based on the formula, we recommend levels be no higher than 0.2 part per million (ppm) of naphthalene in air. Most people can smell naphthalene at very low levels (0.04 ppm). Smelling an odor of naphthalene does not necessarily mean a health risk is present. Often there is an odor of naphthalene well before there is a safety concern.
The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources regulates the amount of naphthalene that can be released by industries.
WILL EXPOSURE TO NAPHTHALENE RESULT IN HARMFUL HEALTH EFFECTS?
Immediately or shortly after exposure to a level of 15 ppm of naphthalene in air, a person’s eyes, nose or throat may feel irritated. Naphthalene can also irritate the skin.
Very high levels of naphthalene can cause headaches and nausea. Naphthalene may also damage the liver, kidneys and the eyes.
People can experience the following health effects after several years of exposure to naphthalene:
Cancer: Naphthalene is not suspected of causing cancer.
Reproductive Effects: The reproductive and developmental effects of naphthalene are not known.
Organ Systems: Anemia can result when high levels of naphthalene are breathed, absorbed through the skin or eaten. Repeated exposure to naphthalene can cause clouding of the eye’s lens and damage vision.
In general, chemicals affect the same organ systems in all people who are exposed. However, the seriousness of the effects may vary from person to person. A person's reaction depends on several things, including individual health, heredity, previous exposure to chemicals including medicines, and personal habits such as smoking or drinking.
It is also important to consider the length of exposure to the chemical; the amount of chemical exposure; and whether the chemical was inhaled, touched, or eaten.
CAN A MEDICAL TEST DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO NAPHTHALENE?
Naphthalene is quickly eliminated from the body. Although naphthalene can be measured in exhaled breath, urine, blood, and other tissues, no reliable method exists to determine the level of your exposure. Doctors can use tests of the eyes and vision, blood, and liver and kidney function to check whether a person has any health effects from naphthalene exposure.
Seek medical advice if you have any symptoms that you think may be related to chemical exposure.
(PPH 4979 Revised 3/2000 )
This fact sheet summarizes information about this chemical and is not a complete listing of all possible effects. It does not refer to work exposure or emergency situations.
The Atlantic, the Pacific & the Gulf of Mexico are all in harms way as the U.S. Navy, and in some cases the U.S. Air Force, have initiated multiple 5-Year Warfare testing on both land and in ocean areas. (The NWTRC map on the right is only one of the many ongoing or proposed warfare testing areas planned by the U.S. Navy.)
(Your coastal region, including island areas, may already have a draft envManganesemental impact statement online ready to be approved by the Navy and rubber-stamped by NOAA...Check the pdf files for information regarding your coastal region or state for public comment deadlines or EnvManganesemental Impact Statement current status. Find out if there is already an ongoing weapons and sonar testing program in your region that has been approved.)
Letter from several Senators including Senator Barbara Boxer to NOAA-June 17, 2009:
"...In many regions, the Navy plans to increase the number of its exercises or expand the areas in which they may occur, and virtually every coastal state will be affected. Some exercises may occur in the nation's most biologically sensitive marine habitats, including National Marine Sanctuaries and breeding habitat for the endangered North Atlantic right whale. In all, the Navy anticipates more than 2.3 million takes
(significant disruptions in marine mammal foraging, breeding, and other essential behaviors) per year, or 11.7
million takes over the course of a five-year permit..."
Click on image for full version, click here for pdf-version (11.6MB) for printing .
Short Term Effects of Chemtrails:
- Brain Fog
- Breathing difficulties (Unexplained)
- Chronic sore or raspy throat
- Eye and skin irritations
- Flatulence (gas)
- Flu-like symptoms
- itching (Unexplained)
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Nose bleeds (Unexplained)
- Panic attacks
- Persistent coughing
- Respiratory problems
- Stomach aches
- Suicidal thoughts
- Tinnitus (distant ringing in ears or high pitched sound after spraying)
- And many other symptoms
Long Term Effects of Chemtrails:
- Acid Reflux
- (ADHD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
- Alzheimer's Disease
- Aluminum build up in Pineal Gland
- Autism (evidence links autism to mercury)
- Autoimmune Diseases
- Blood in the Urine
- Borderline personality disorder
- Cancer (linked to many types of cancers)
- Chronic Fatigue
- Easy Bruising
- Eye problems - * Nearsightedness & Farsightedness (by altering interocular fluid eye
- Floaters In the Eyes
- Heart Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
- Heart Disease
- High Cholesterol
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Learning Disabilities
- Lung diseases
- Lupus Erythematosus
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Oily Skin (Elevated DHT)
- Parkinson's Disease
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Short-Term Memory Loss
- Sleep Disorders
- Spider Veins
- Tinnitus (ringing in the ears – 700 million cases of Tinnitus reported worldwide)
- White Coating On the Tongue
- And many other symptoms